5 Basic Skin Types Fitzpatrick Scale

Looking after skin begins at birth and becomes a lifetime of teaching to encourage healthy habits. Don't believe everything you read or see; ask 3 simple questions;

'What's in it, What for and Why is it good for you'

By applying workable strategies to keep sunlight exposure to a minimum and using gentle skincare products that support and nourish skin will give you a lifetime of glowing skin youthfulness.

Combination Skin Type

Combination Skin Type

This skin type is usually a combination of oily and dry areas of the skin and is often confused with dehydrated skin. This skin type can shift towards being normal during summer and more dehydrated during winter time. The key to this skin type is to be really gentle with it, and not use drying cleansers, toners or other potentially irritating products. Some try to treat the areas separately, but this can lead the skin being confused. It is best to use gentle, balanced products where the skin will find its own balance if you follow the suggested protocol. Focus on using the most gentle cleanser possible to cleanse with and get lots of hydration.

Symptoms
- Combination of oily and dehydrated areas
- Pores in t-zone are generally larger than the other areas of the face
- Excess Oil in t-zone

Combination Skin Type Characteristics
- Dehydrated/Dry Flakey areas found on cheeks and around eyes
- Tightness in cheek area

What to Avoid
- Over Exfoliation/Harsh Exfoliation
- Environmental: Pollution, harsh wind, extreme cold, smoking, etc.
- Too much SUN
- SLS/SLES [sodium lauryl sulphate or any similar ingredients]
- Surfactants & most soaps in general
- Comedogenic ingredients
- Synthetic fragrances
- Artificial colorants
- Harsh preservatives, parabens, formaldehyde releasers
- Alcohol based toners [formulated with SD alcohol]
- Chlorinated/Fluoridated/Hard Water [Use a shower filter if possible]
- Long, hot baths and/or showers [Body temperature or slightly lower water temperature is best]

Possible Contributing Factors
- Using cleansers, toners or acid products that are stripping
- Chlorinated water in your shower or sink water (water you wash your face with distilled water)
- Weather (especially during winter time)
- Not enough sleep

Dry Skin Type

Dry Skin Type

Dry skin is an uncomfortable condition marked by scaling, itching, and cracking and can occur for a variety of reasons. You might have naturally dry skin or a health issue that is influencing the skin. Even if the skin tends to be oily, it can develop dry skin from time to time.

Dry Skin Type Characteristics
- Skin lacks natural oil balance and the ability to hold moisture 
- Skin may appear flaky, rough, scaly or cracked (in a worse case scenario it can even be bleeding)
- Typically, pores are small although depending on the condition of the skin barrier, pores can be quite large sometimes referred to as the ‘orange peel look’ which is caused by a loss of collagen and elastin
- Prone to development of premature lines and wrinkles
- Extreme cold and most winter conditions can cause redness, irritation, peeling and chapping which could indicate the skin is very thin and delicate
- Superficial lines appear but disappear when sufficiently moisturized NOTE: it takes a balanced natural oil production to create what we call the ‘glue’ needed for cells to retain moisture

What to Avoid
- Over Exfoliation/Harsh Exfoliation
- Chemically laden ingredients
- Long, hot baths and/or showers [Body temperature or slightly lower water temperature is best]
- Environmental: Pollution, harsh wind, extreme cold, smoking, etc.
- Too much SUN
- SLS/SLES [sodium lauryl sulphate or any similar ingredients]
- Comedogenic ingredients [true ones that is]
- Synthetic fragrances
- Artificial colorants
- Harsh preservatives, parabens, formaldehyde releasers
- Alcohol based toners [made with SD alcohol]
- Chlorinated/Fluoridated/Hard Water [Use a shower filter if possible]

What’s Good to Do
- Using high quality unrefined, cold pressed carrier oils like Flax Seed, Hemp Oil and Evening Primrose Oil can help tremendously with topical hydration
- Be proactive in your skincare choices
- Be diligent and dedicated towards skincare
- Try to achieve a healthy and balanced diet
- Avoid white flour and white sugar, processed foods, alcohol and smoking
- Minimize stress & exercise. Even a 5 min outdoors brisque walk everyday is beneficial to cardio, breathing and more
- Topically increase the use of collagen, elastin, cholesterol, ceramides and fatty acids
- Use a ionic humidifier in the winter can be very helpful to help keep skin moist
- Use creamy or gel type cleansers that do not strip the skin such as our Cleansing Milk or Rejuve Oil

More
- Diabetes can cause serious skin conditions requiring professional interaction such as personalized skincare formulations and treatments. 
- Diuretics, antihistamines and many prescriptive drugs can contribute to dry skin
- Extremely dry skin can be indicative of thyroid imbalance – have this checked immediately.

Dehydrated Skin Type

Dehydration aka ’surface dehydration’ is a lacking of moisture within the skin and early form of dry skin.  This can be a lifelong problem or it can come and go depending on the seasons. One of the main causes is usually cleansing the skin with a cleanser that is too strong for the skin, strong products, or over use of acids and exfoliation. Moisture is quickly depleted from skin through environmental forces such as the wind and sun. Drinking the recommended amount of water throughout the day helps significantly as the skin needs to be moisturized from the outside in. The way one drinks water is of great importance too. Drinking to fast only gives about 30% hydration value to the body whereas slow drinking can increase the amount to 70% and even higher. Drinking more at the beginning of your day and slowly tapering off your water intake 45 mins to 1 hour before rest will also help avoid water retention, puffy eyes and or swollen extremities (hands/feet). Be gentle with surface exfoliation, whether it be fruit enzymes and fruit acids, microfiber cloths, or your tonic/toner with a cotton pad for removal of dead, gummy skin cells as you want to allow the moisture from the top to penetrate the skin.  Dehydrated skin is not hereditary but due to lack of moisture caused by stripping the natural lipids of your skin.

~ Dry skin is the later version of dehydrated skin. (see our excerpt on Dry Skin) Age plays an important factor in this paradox.  As you age you will see/feel a significant drop in the levels of fats/lipids/oils in your skin surface as well as a drop in the level of ceramides and hyaluronic acid you naturally produce. Ceramides and hyaluronic acid are part of the structural matrix of your skin.  

~ To add to this paradox, even oily skin can be dehydrated.  (see our excert on Combination Skin) Most figure that if the skin feels taunt that slathering on creams will take care of the problem. Well, this is not necessarily the case.  With dry skin, rich hydrating oils/creams are needed while dehydrated skin requires moisture, hydration, humectants and oils to act as a barrier to combat dehydrated skin.  Many young people today are plagued with dry and/or dehydrated skin due to stress, environmental conditions of sun and wind plus toxins.

Ironically, it takes both water and oil to create skin surface balance. The lipids/oily binding help hold the water/hydration in. What this means is that your skin can be lacking in lipid content which can bring about one or more of the symptoms below

- Tightness, flakiness, scaly
- If gently pulled the skin crinkles
- Lack of radiance [dull look]
- Feels rough not smooth
- Loss of elasticity
- Premature aging
- Superficial lines
- Cracking
- Inflammation
- Itchy
- Irritated

Contributing Factors
- Over cleansing the skin.  Even with gentle cleansers and especially those that make the claim of being gentle but are loaded with chemicals and cheap fillers. Your skins barrier can be damaged without proper pH balancing and many cleansers do just that creating more problems.
- Over use of acids – see a skincare professional before using acids of any sort.
- Environmental stress from pollution, sun, wind, wearing no sunscreen, etc.]
- Bad food/diet choices. A lack of EFA [essential fatty acids] in the diet can and will create havoc with the skin. Itching, dryness, thinning of the skin, flaking, snf more.
- Weather! Especially, cold weather where we increase the heat inside of our homes. Heat of any sort without humidity acts like a giant sponge soaking up moisture from anything in its path, including your skin!  Adding a humidifier is always a great addition during the winter months. In the Summer months dry skin can also be in the forefront due sun exposure for extended amounts of time. Never go without sunscreen on your face, neck or decollete area!! Matter of fact, any exposed skin should always be protected with sunscreen.

What to Avoid
- Over Exfoliation/Harsh Exfoliation
- Chemically laden ingredients
- Long, hot baths and/or showers [Body temperature or slightly lower water temperature is best]
- Environmental: Pollution, harsh wind, extreme cold, smoking, etc.
- Too much SUN
- SLS/SLES [sodium lauryl sulphate or any similar ingredients]
- Comedogenic ingredients [true ones that is]
- Synthetic fragrances
- Artificial colorants
- Harsh preservatives, parabens, formaldehyde releasers
- Alcohol based toners [made with SD alcohol]
- Chlorinated/Fluoridated/Hard Water [Use a shower filter if possible]
- Synthetic fragrances
- Artificial colorants
- Harsh preservatives, parabens, formaldehyde releasers
- Alcohol based toners [made with SD alcohol]

What’s Good to Do
- Use hydrating moisturizers
- Keeping your skin in top shape allows natural body temperatures to help regulate the skin's surface temperature and keep it from quickly dehydrating 
- Exercise – Cardio or other forms of exercise produces sweat which helps eliminate toxins
- Learning to care for your skin at a young age is best practice.  By doing so you gain a lifetime of knowledge to help support your skin’s infrastructure. Consistency is key in treating your skin, so do so with love and respect

Normal Skin Type

Balanced [Normal] Skin Type

This skin type of can become combination skin during weather changes/other changes although will quickly bounce back with the right skincare routine.

Balanced Skin Type Characteristics
- Skin generally is balanced but may swing slightly seasonal changes
- Skin is usually blemish free, but may occasionally have blackheads
- Skin feels smooth and plump, healthy lipid [oil] and water balance
- Although typically ’feeling’ balanced this skin type may produce the ’oilies’ in the t-zone area several hours after using a [stripping] cleanser. Even with balanced skin a harsh cleanser will cause the skin to create oil to compensate for the loss of natural lipids. This is where our NVEI Apothecary Skincare Cleansing Milk surpasses all cleansers. 
- Pores are normal sized [not too large or too small]
- Healthy and balanced skin provides a protective barrier and is able to protect the dermis from external toxins, pollution and most forms of aggression.

What to Avoid
- Over Exfoliation/Harsh Exfoliation
- Chemically laden ingredients
- Long, hot baths and/or showers [Body temperature or slightly lower water temperature is best]
- Environmental: Pollution, harsh wind, extreme cold, smoking, etc.
- Too much SUN
- SLS/SLES [sodium lauryl sulphate or any similar ingredients]
- Comedogenic ingredients [true ones that is]
- Synthetic fragrances
- Artificial colorants
- Harsh preservatives, parabens, formaldehyde releasers
- Alcohol based toners [made with SD alcohol]
- Chlorinated/Fluoridated/Hard Water [Use a shower filter if possible]
 
What’s Good to Do
- Be proactive in your skincare choices
- Be diligent and dedicated towards skincare
- Achieve a healthy and balanced diet
- Avoid white flour and white sugar, processed foods, alcohol and smoking
- Minimize stress & exercise. Even a 5 min outdoors brisque walk everyday is beneficial to cardio, breathing and more

Oily Skin Type

Blemish Prone Skin (Acne) Type

This is a skin condition, not a skin type. This condition can be in associated with other skin types, such as oily, dehydrated or sensitive. Rosacea skin conditions can also be blemish prone. Even aging skin can at times be blemish prone. Lifestyle plays an important role when it comes to the dreaded bumps and poppers, but never play or you’ll regret it later.

Males and females can develop blemishes from stress and hormonal changes. The hormone androgen stimulates the sebaceous gland to produce more sebum. Sebum is a natural oil that makes our skin soft and waterproof. This natural oil serves to also help hold hydration in. The oily sebum accumulates in the hair follicles as it moves up the hair shaft where it mixes with a normally found skin bacteria (Propionibacterium Acnes) and dead follicular skin cells. These dead cells normally get pushed to the surface where they are expelled but an over-production or imbalance of sebum can increase the chances of the follicles becoming clogged, thus potentially resulting in skin blemishes.

We have found over the years in skincare that many NVEI Apothecary Skincare Cleansing Milk that contain chemical or inert plant waxes and certain types of emulsifiers also leads to blemishes as they tend to clog the skin pores. 

Blemish Prone Skin Characteristics
- Skin that naturally over produces oil
- Typically small pores on forehead, chin, jaw and cheeks
- Presence of clogged ‘congested’ pores
- Pore inflammation with presence of whiteheads 
- Redness and irritation
- Fails to respond to blemish treatments which could indicate hormonal related
- Typically small pores on forehead, chin, jaw and cheeks and can have large pores on nose and inner cheeks - Skin is susceptible to any type of blemish

Types of blemishes
    ~ Open Comedone [blackhead]
    ~ Closed Comedone [whitehead]
    ~ Papule [raised bump - usually pink or flesh colored]
    ~ Pustule [raised bump with pus in it from inflammation]
    ~ Nodule [raised bump type lesion that is larger than a papule and can be painful]
    ~ Cyst [deep pustular type infection - caused by intense inflammation in the pore]

Scarring can result from blemishes where some are more prone to scarring than others. Picking at any type of blemish will lead to scarring and other skin damage, so please as much as you want to, don't or you'll regret it later on.

What to Avoid
- Over Exfoliation/Harsh Exfoliation
- Chemically laden ingredients
- Long, hot baths and/or showers [Body temperature or slightly lower water temperature is best]
- Environmental: Pollution, harsh wind, extreme cold, smoking, etc.
- Too much SUN
- SLS/SLES [sodium lauryl sulphate or any similar ingredients]
- Comedogenic ingredients [true ones that is]
- Synthetic fragrances
- Artificial colorants
- Harsh preservatives, parabens, formaldehyde releasers
- Alcohol based toners [made with SD alcohol]
- Chlorinated/Fluoridated/Hard Water [Use a shower filter if possible]
- Moisturizers - Most blemish prone customers (especially those with small pores) find that they can't use a majority of moisturizers found on the market and need to focus more on hydration and occasionally need lipids in the form of carrier oils. Moisturizers that contain pore congesting waxes and certain types of emulsifiers lead to blemishes.
- Synthetic fragrances
- Artificial colorants
- Harsh preservatives, parabens, formaldehyde releasers
- Alcohol based toners [made with SD alcohol]
- Chlorinated water - Use a shower filter if possible

What’s Good to Do
- A gentle, yet effective skincare routine that consistently keeps the pores unclogged
- Be proactive in your skincare choices
- Be diligent and dedicated towards skincare
- Have a healthy and balanced diet
- Avoid white flour and white sugar, processed foods, alcohol and smoking
- Minimize stress & exercise. Even a 5 min outdoors brisque walk everyday is beneficial to cardio, breathing and more
- Topically, inclusion of sulfur based products, effective anti-bacterials, gentle acids can be helpful to bring bacteria into balance
- Use an ionic humidifier in the winter
- Use as gentle cleanser to clean your skin. Strong cleansers and over-cleansing can strip the skin causing irritation or skin to pump out more oil leading to clogged pores. Our NVEI Apothecary Skincare Cleansing Milk is gentle enough yet effective enough to remove even the most stubborn makeup

Sensitive Skin Type

Sensitive/Reactive Skin Type

This skin group in our opinion is more a ‘condition’ rather than ‘type’ My thought We believe we are all born with beautiful, forgiving and loving skin.  Without proper guidance and understanding of the skin and it’s requirements we can, overtime, cause serious damage to our skin barrier.  This becomes paradox as the skin never really heals due to the fact that the ‘damaged’ skin barrier is not able to foster skin proper protection. This allows outside environmental garbage [pollution, cigarette smoke, toxins, etc] to permeate the skin barrier even more damage making it susceptible to bacteria due to its weakened state. This doesn't mean your skin will be sensitive for life. With gentle exfoliation and elimination of as many contributing factors it is possible for you to have normal skin.

Our Eau de Vie Revitalization Complex is perfect to help rebuild and  reverse cellulare damage with the power of Swiss Apple Stem Cells.

Sensitive/Reactive Skin Characteristics
- Skin has a tendency to flair to touch
- Sensitivity to chemically laden products
- Sensitivity to dry and cold climates 
- Skin can be prone to blemishes 
- Sensitive to water quality and temperature
- Skin feels rough and uneven
- Skin subjective symptoms such as stinging, itching, burning.

What to Avoid
- Over Exfoliation/Harsh Exfoliation
- Environmental: Pollution, harsh wind, extreme cold, smoking, etc.
- Too much SUN
- SLS/SLES [sodium lauryl sulphate or any similar ingredients]
- Surfactants & most soaps in general
- Comedogenic ingredients
- Synthetic fragrances
- Artificial colorants
- Harsh preservatives, parabens, formaldehyde releasers
- Alcohol based toners [formulated with SD alcohol]
- Chlorinated/Fluoridated/Hard Water [Use a shower filter if possible]
- Long, hot baths and/or showers [Body temperature or slightly lower water temperature is best]

Possible Contributing Factors
- Antibiotics
- HRP [hormone replacement therapy]
- NSAIDs [medication]
- Medications for blood pressure, circulatory, acne, chemotherapy, 
- Topical medications such as retinol, consistent use of acids AHA, Accutane, Retin-A

What’s Good to Do
- Be proactive in your skincare choices
- Be diligent and dedicated towards skincare
- Achieve a healthy and balanced diet
- Avoid white flour and white sugar, processed foods, alcohol and smoking
- Minimize stress & exercise. Even a 5 min outdoors brisque walk everyday is beneficial to cardio, breathing and more

Mature Skin Profile

Mature Skin Profile

Mature skin can be put into both categrories of being either a skin type or that of a skin condition. Even someone in their twenties can show advanced aging of the skin due to bad skincare practices, health and over-all lifestyle. This type of skin condition generally has been damaged from too much sun when younger, damaging skincare products and practices, medications, poor health, smoking and yes, alcohol or drug consumption. Sometimes excessive use of pharmaceutical medications play a devastating role towards the condition of the skin. Becoming older does not imply it's normal to wrinkle or have bad skin. Expression lines are a normal factor of life, many can be avoided and some not, unless you opt for plastic surgery or cosmetic fillers which has other risks and implications. We've seen a multitude of wonderfully naturally aged skin over the years and yes, you can age gracefully and beautifully. Having beautiful skin does come with a price though, but far from what most of us imagine if given the proper tools and education. Environmental factors can also play a key role such as living in highly polluted areas, really dry areas or working indoors most of your life where fresh air does not circulate well or is almost non-existent.

Symptoms:
- Skin texture is rough
- Skin shows loss of firmness
- Skin is thinner
- Skin has wrinkles or fine lines
- Skin may be loose or sagging
- Skin moisture levels fluctuate caused by hormonal imbalances

Mature Skin Type Characteristics:
- Skin tends to lack vibrancy and luster - lack of "Glow"
- Looks less plump
- Tends to be rough and uneven
- Skin may have patchy dry areas
- Skin tends to be generally dry and dehydrated but occasionally may be oily
- May have dark spots or discoloration (age spots)
- May have broken capillaries

What to Avoid
- Over Exfoliation/Harsh Exfoliation
- Chemically laden ingredients
- Long, hot baths and/or showers [Body temperature or slightly lower water temperature is best]
- Environmental: Pollution, harsh wind, extreme cold, smoking, etc.
- Too much SUN
- SLS/SLES [sodium lauryl sulphate or any similar ingredients]
- Comedogenic ingredients [true ones that is]
- Synthetic fragrances
- Artificial colorants
- Alcohol based toners [made with SD alcohol]
- Chlorinated/Fluoridated/Hard Water [Use a shower filter if possible]
- Harsh preservatives, parabens, formaldehyde releasers

What's Good to Do
- Use an ionic humidifier in the winter which can be very helpful to help keep skin moist
- Be proactive in your skincare choices
- Be diligent and dedicated towards skincare
- Have a healthy and balanced diet
- Avoid white flour and white sugar, processed foods, pharmaceutical medications (when possible), alcohol and smoking
- Minimize stress & exercise. Even a 5 min outdoors brisque walk everyday is beneficial to cardio, breathing and more
- Use unrefined, cold pressed borage, flax, evening primrose or black currant seed oil to help topical lubrication
- Consistency is key in treating your skin with respect and love

Rosacea Profile

Rosacea Profile

Rosacea is a skin condition that typically presents itself with a rosy red rash that involves inflammation of the small blood vessels in the facial capillaries. These capillaries (often called distended capillaries or broken capillaries) extend into the capillary walls. This is due in part to poor elasticity of the capillary wall. There are many theories as to the cause of rosacea, including yeast, mite or bacterial overgrowth, unhealthy bowels and overgrowth of bacteria in the bowels and others. We believe that harsh skincare, acids and skin irritants play an important role in wearing down the skin barrier which can lead to Rosacea. Rosacea in its worst stages can cause thickening of the skin and also effect the eyes. (Occular Rosacea) Using gentle Skincare including calming/healing ingredients is your best tool in helping Rosacea skin.

Symptoms:
- Red rash appearing on nose and/or cheeks
- Pustules [small, pus filled bumps]
- Papules [small, inflamed bumps]
- Watery, irritated eyes
- Small blood vessels appearing on the surface of the skin usually near the nose, cheeks or chin

Rosacea Skin Type Characteristics: 
- Tends to easily irritate
- Tends to flush when exposed to irritating substances/products
- Tends to react due to temperature/humidity changes
- Tends toreact during times of stress
- Tends to react to fluctuations in hormone levels
- May also react to certain foods and substances, especially spicy foods, alcohol or nicotine
- May react to sunlight
- Can become dehydrated due to transepidermal water loss
- In some rosacean skin, the constant flushing can effect the sebaceous glands causing acne pustules

What to Avoid
- Spicy foods [increases heat]
- Smoking [restricts blood flow]
- Direct sun exposure to the face
- Chemically laden ingredients
- ABSOLUTELY avoid surfactants and soaps! 
- ABSOLUTELY should not Exfoliate!
- SLS/SLES [sodium lauryl sulphate or any similar ingredients]
- Synthetic fragrances
- Artificial colorants
- Harsh preservatives, parabens, formaldehyde releasers 
- Ingredients known to cause irritation
- Hot showers or hot water when washing the skin 
- Chlorinated/Fluoridated/Hard Water [Use a shower filter if possible]

Possible Contributing Factors
- Alcohol (increases heat and also feeds bacteria in gut)
- Various medications
- Acidic foods and drinks
- Not enough sleep

See Related Condition - Couperose

Couprose Profile

Couperose Profile

This skin condition is associated with temporary or chronic reddening and/or flushing of the skin.

Symptoms
- Broken capillaries or thread-sized veins twisting around on the surface of the skin (Visible to the Naked Eye)
- Intense red flushing
- Persistent redness
- Patches of redness especially on nose and cheeks

Couprose Skin Type Characteristics
- Tends to be easily irritated
- Tends to flush when exposed to irritating substances/products
- Although couperose can affect any skin type, it is most common with dry and thin skin types
- Tends to affect Caucasians more than any other skin type
- Tends to react due to temperature/humidity changes
- Tends to react to sunlight
- Tends to react to anything that increases blood supply to the skin
- May react during times of stress
- Tends to react with fluctuations in hormone levels
- Certain medical conditions such as high blood pressure can contribute to couperose
- Tends to react to certain foods and substances, especially spicy foods, alcohol, and/or nicotine
- Can become dehydrated due to transepidermal water loss
- This type of skin condition can also extend into eye area (Occular Rosacea)
- Often confused with Typical Rosacea due to similarity of conditions.
- Often grouped with Rosacea as a sub type.
- Couprose is Rosacea on steroids!

What to Avoid
- Spicy foods [increases heat]
- Smoking [restricts blood flow]
- Over Exfoliation/Harsh Exfoliation
- Chemically laden ingredients
- Long, hot baths and/or showers [Body temperature or slightly lower water temperature is best]
- Environmental: Pollution, harsh wind, extreme cold, smoking, etc.
- Too much SUN
- SLS/SLES [sodium lauryl sulphate or any similar ingredients]
- Comedogenic ingredients [true ones that is]
- Synthetic fragrances
- Artificial colorants
- Alcohol based toners [made with SD alcohol]
- Chlorinated/Fluoridated/Hard Water [Use a shower filter if possible]
- Harsh preservatives, parabens, formaldehyde releasers
- ABSOLUTELY should avoid surfactants and soaps!
- ABSOLUTELY should avoid Exfoliating!
- Ingredients known to cause irritation

Possible Contributing Factors
- Alcohol (increases heat and also feeds bacteria in gut)
- Various medications
- Try to avoid acidic foods and drinks
- Not genough sleep 
- Possible connection to sugar in the diet and rosacea (or foods that convert to glucose quickly)

See related condition - Rosacea

Remember, Acne, Couprose and Rosacea are considered the most common of skin conditions seen today and are not skin types. There are a number (over 40) of other commonly seen skin conditions which we may refer to been seen by skincare professionals specializing in certain conditions such as skin cancer, moles, skin tags and/or other. Katherine Brind’Amour wrote a wonderful piece about commonly seen skin conditions that has been 'Medically Reviewed' for accuracy by the University of Illinois-Chicago, College of Medicine for your reading reference. You can read the article here http://www.healthline.com/health/skin-disorders.

Your skin is the largest organ you own and deserves to be cared for respectfully! Every inch of your skin contains millions of cells, an intricate network of blood vessels and nerves, openings for hair follicles, sebaceous glands and sweat glands. To be medically exact, here's the list of what we know today what one square inch of your skin holds for you:

♦ Over 9,5 million cells
♦ 19 whopping yards (17 meters) of blood vessels
♦ 78 yards (70 meters) of nerves
♦ 65 hair follicles
♦ 90-100 sebaceous glands
♦ 650 sweat glands
♦ 1300 nerve endings to record pain
♦ 19,500 sensory cells
♦ 13 cold sensory apparatuses
♦ 78 heat sensory apparatuses
♦ 160-165 pressure apparatuses for the perception of tactical stimuli

And that's in just one mere square inch, imagine the entire organ you proudly share each day!

In closing; The skin is a complex organ and most skin problems produce themselves on the epidermis, the surface layer of the skin, which can point to underlying issues. With safe skincare practices and good products many of the skin problems seen today can be avoided and or corrected.
skin layersThe epidermis is made up of a substance called keratin.  Most trouble starts in the dermis, the layer that lies just below the epidermis. The dermis is made of collagen and elastin fibers where blood vessels, fat cells, oil and sweat glands are held together by this collagen fiber network.
Our wellness day spa facial treatments assist to strengthen collagen and elastin fibers helping to build a strong foundation for wrinkle prevention and skin issues naturally.  Nutritional and Mindfulness education is also provided to assist with reversing the aging process. We pursue to share as much as possible online to give you clarity and sound judgement when it comes to your skin and requirements for those long-term healthy glows.  Our 'Wellness Day Spa Facial Toning' treatments are designed to naturally feed non-invasive nutrients non-aggressively into the dermis layer of the skin.  These skin-loving comfort foods aid in strengthening the collagen and elastin fibers where you can continue supporting healthy skin with a number of choices found with our Apothecary Skincare products. Visit our Apothecary Skincare Boutique for all of the deliciousness that nature and solid skincare sciences can reward you with today.


NVE INSTITUTE
is located at
10153 122nd Street, NW
Edmonton, Alberta
T5N1L7
NVE Institute Purveyors of Phyto-aroma Cosmetology

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