Acupressure is one of the types of massage therapy used in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Instead of the needles used in acupuncture, finger pressure is used on points along the meridians.


An odor or odour (commonly referred to as a smell) is caused by one or more volatilized chemical compounds, generally at a very low concentration, that humans or other animals perceive by the sense of olfaction. Odors are also commonly called scents, which can refer to both pleasant and unpleasant odors. The terms fragrance and aroma are used primarily by the food and cosmetic industry to describe a pleasant odor, and are sometimes used to refer to perfumes. In contrast, malodor, stench, reek, and stink are used specifically to describe unpleasant odors.


Aromatherapy is the practice of using volatile plant oils, including essential oils, for psychological and physical well-being. The use of aromatherapy in cosmetics is widely used today both natural and synthetic.

Common indications of synthetic use is by the indications of the term(s) fragrance or perfume on labels.

High-end natural cosmetics make use of both at times and a very select few solely use the purity of select therapeutic essential oils.

Aromatherapy massage

Aromatherapy massage is an alternative therapeutic technique which combines the natural therapeutic properties of the essential oils (for treating both physical and emotional conditions) and the healing power of massage therapy.


Balneotherapy is the treatment of ailments by use of water - and commonly involves massage using moving water such as in Hydrotherapy. The term has now also become synonymous with all Spa related treatments and Day Spas.

Bamboo Fusion

Bamboo Fusion is a unique massage technique using solid bamboo which is either applied heated or cold that was first developed specifically for North American clients by Nathalie Cecilia. Nathalie is a certified Thai massage therapist currently living in Sarasota, Florida and is originally from France. She came to the United States in 2004 and populerized this unique technique that is now found in some of the top spas, thalasso and wellenss centers around the world.

Beauty Spa

A Spa which focuses on the beautification of clients, rather than health, fitness and wellness. Beauty Spas often focus on beauty treatments such as Manicures, Pedicures, and Facials.

Beauty Treatments

Beauty Treatments refer to treatments which focus on helping clients to look their best, and covers areas such as hands, feet, face, and body. Some of the most common beauty treatments are Manicures and Pedicures which focus on maintenance of nails, skin, and application of nail polish.

Body Wrap

A body wrap involves the literal “wrapping” of the body in materials in order to help exfoliation and aid relaxation. Common materials used include blankets, linens, and sheets. A body wrap is one of many spa treatments and beauty treatments on offer at day spas and health spas.

Cellulite Treatment

Cellulite treatments aim to reduce the amount or appearance of cellulite, a type of fat that is more visible on the surface of the skin than other types of fat in the body. Cellulite occurs around areas of the body that serve as the body's fat reserves; the most common areas among these are the hips, thighs, and buttocks. Because it is close to the surface of the skin, cellulite creates a dimpled appearance in those areas of the body. Cellulite forms when the connective tissue, called septa, which anchors the fat tissue just beneath the skin to deep muscles, changes its positioning between layers of various tissues. The septa may stretch, break down, or pull tight, and the fat may squeeze close to the surface of the skin; the result is cellulite.

Tanning and Cellulite: While cellulite on tanned skin does appear less noticeable, the UV rays involved in tanning can actually make the problem worse with time. Artifical tanning breaks down the skin, making it thinner and less resilient. Tanning (both natural and artifical) can make cellulite on untanned skin look worse - a vicious circle!

City Spa

A Spa centrally located in a city, usually focusing of relaxation and pampering and escaping the stresses of city life, but can also cover health and nutrition.

Color Therapy

Color therapy uses colors for their proposed healing abilities in treating emotional and physical disturbances. Changing the colors of clothes or home or office décor or visualizing different colors may be recommended. Color therapy is based on the premise that different colors evoke different responses in people. For example, some colors are considered to be stimulating, whereas others may be soothing. Some color therapists assert that they can read and alter the colors of people's auras. In traditional Ayurvedic medicine, different colors are associated with different chakras, or energy centers.

Day Spa

A Day Spa is a Spa which does not offer accommodation of any form of overnight stay - some guest prefer a Day Spa to Hotel Spas as they take less commitment of time and tend to be less expensive.


The Eurowave is an electronic device that utilizes Electrical Muscle Stimulation (E.M.S.) technology, specifically a 400Hz and 600Hz pulsating faradic wave, to penetrate deep core muscle, and achieve toning, shaping and tightening.

Electrical Muscle Stimulation was originally developed in the early 1970’s to reshape and tone the muscles of astronauts returning from space. The technology was progressed during the 1980’s and is now used regularly by Body Builders, Professional Athletes, Actors Physiotherapists, Medical Professionals as well as Beauty Therapists worldwide to achieve marked results.

Face Mapping

Face mapping is and Ancient Chinese philosophy dating back to around 2500 B.C. based on the principle that your skin reflects the internal health, and that how certain parts of your face are connected to other internal areas of body. By the study of each of these skin zones, you can find out the root cause of your skin problems which not only helps in treating particular skin problems but also the cause of underlying health condition too. Today, face mapping is used around the world by thousands of professionals both in health and welfare and the skin care industry.

nvei face mapping




Zones 1 and 2

Acne breakouts in this region(s) may mean your digestive system or bladder may be the root cause of your acne, So. nix junk food, lessen the amount of fats in your diet and keep yourself hydrated to facilitate proper elimination of wastes from your body. Start your morning off with a glass of fresh water (try adding a quarter fresh lemon (organic when possible) to better help elimination of wastes. Should you suffer from those nasty dark circles under the eyes you may see them subsided and may even disappear. Nature has given us many tools where many types of fruits and vegetables can do more than just fill our tummies.

Zone 3

Acne breakouts In the middle of your eye brows can mean a possible an erratic liver. If you are allergic to a particular food or other substance, this is the place that normally any allergy is going to appear first. Cut out unhealthy fats, follow a healthy lifestyle with light exercise and most all, get proper rest.

Zone 4 and 5

Acne breakouts around these zones may point towards something related to elimination of waste of the kidneys and dehydration. Increase your water intake, coffee and juices are not a replacement for H20 as only water will help in waste elimination without the need to provide more energy to process the elements of coffee or other non-H2O beverage..

Zone 6

Acne breakouts in this zone may indicate anything related to heart. Get your blood pressure as well as vitamin B levels checked, cut down on red meats, replace unhealthy fats with healthy omega-3 rich fats. Another thing to check here is closed/clogged pores that sometimes may indicate you are not removing your makeup properly. Cheap or contaminated makeup or not removing makeup properly can cause clogging of pores on the skin resulting in frequent breakouts on this part of your face.

Zone 7 and 8

Acne breakouts on the ear lobes is a very sensitive area where breakouts in these parts may be indicating stress on your kidneys. Once again, the importance of drinking plenty of water and cutting down on aerated drinks, coffee etc. will always greatly help.

Zone 9 and 10

Any discomfort around this area tells you about respiratory health, if you are a smoker this is the place where it generally shows. If you do not smoke or have any allergies, try to eat clean food, avoid processed foods and again, drink ample amount of water.

Zone 11 & 12

Hormonal changes or imbalances will create acne breakouts most of the time in these regions. Follow a healthy lifestyle, eat plenty of fresh green vegetables and fruits, drinking plenty of water and most importantly, get adequate sleep. For many women during ovulation, especially when hormonal activity is heightened, this for the most part can be the cause of skin breakouts around this zone.

Zone 14

Acne breakouts in this zone can be a sign that the body’s fight with a bacterial invasion to avoid illness is present or simply stress. Take out time to meditate; deep breathing and relaxation exercises, leisure outdoor walking, drinking relaxing herbal teas(in high strung/stressed) along with lots of water also can help to tackle acne around this zone.

Our body is very intelligent and our face will for the most part tell us a great deal about what may be happening deep inside. So next time when your skin breakouts, know this, it’s trying to tell you something. By using and knowing your face map and area which might be affected can help towards finding the right solution. However dont' panic if your nose has that breakout, it may not always not be a sign of heart trouble. To be sure of the underlying cause always consult your Doctor, Dermatologist or Health specialist.

Facial / Organic Facial

A very popular spa treatment available at Day Spas and Beauty Spas - involves cleansing your facial pores and freshening your skin. Often followed by a facial massage. Organic facials are becoming more and more in demand as consumers are now taking note as to what are in many of the products found on the marketplace today. One of the key benefits surrounding organic facials is safety in knowing that no ingredients used are of a toxic nature whether to human, animals or that of our earth.

Foot Reflexology

Reflexology involves the application of manual pressure to specific points or areas of the feet called "reflex points" that are believed to correspond to other parts of the body. Reflexology is often used with the intention to relieve stress or prevent/treat physical disorders. Pressure may also be applied to the hands or ears.

Techniques similar to reflexology have existed for thousands of years, and were used by ancient Egyptians and early Chinese. In the early 20th Century, an American ear, nose, and throat physician, William Fitzgerald, MD, suggested that the foot could be "mapped" to other areas of the body in order to diagnose and treat medical conditions. He divided the body into 10 zones and labeled sections of the foot he believed to control each zone. Dr. Fitzgerald suggested that gentle pressure on a particular area of the foot could generate relief in the targeted zone. This process was originally named zone therapy.

Health Farms

Health farms are often located in rural locations and offer visitors a variety of relaxation and health related services, similarly to a Spa. Health farms have become increasingly popular in recent time, as have Spas.

Health Spa

A Health Spa refers to Spas which focus on maintaining the health and fitness of its visitors using a variety of fitness and nutritional aids. Health Spas often make use of workout sessions and nutritional food/drinks.

Hot / Cold Immersion Therapy

A form of treatment where a limb or the entire body is immersed in ice water followed by the immediate immersion of the limb or body in warm water. This procedure is repeated several times, alternating hot and cold.

Hot stone massage

Hot stone massage combines the basic strokes of Swedish massage with the use of hot stones to provide a deep, relaxing massage.

Hotel Spa

A Hotel Spa is a Spa which features accommodation facilities on site, which means visitors can choose to stay overnight if they wish to extend their stay beyond that of a day spa.


A water based treatment which occurs in a Hydro-Bath - it involves high pressure jets operating to stimulate blood flow levels and improve circulation


Also referred to as Balneotherapy, Hydrotherapy involves the use of water to cure diseases or ailments. This frequently involves use of moving water which applies a massaging action.

Indian head massage

The Indian head massage is also known as ChampissageTM, is a gentle massage that is done on the head, face, neck, shoulders and upper arms.

Luxury Spa

Luxury spas tend to offer all of the facilities and treatment options of other spas, but they differentiate themselves but offering a “premium” service and extremely high standard of service.

Manual Lymphatic Drainage

This is a form of massage that stimulates the lymphatic system with gentle massaging strokes. The light rhythmical massage encourages the lymphatic system to eliminate metabolic waste products and excess fluid. The effects of Manual Lymph Drainage are numerous and include general benefits to the nervous and muscular systems.

Music Therapy

Music has been used as a tool of healing since ancient times, appearing in the writings of the Greek philosophers Pythagoras, Aristotle, and Plato. Native Americans and other indigenous groups have used music to enhance traditional healing practices for centuries. References to music for healing have appeared in ancient Native American pictographs, African petroglyphs and other ancient inscriptions. Healing songs and music have also been passed down through oral traditions worldwide. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) practitioners have used music for healing. Traditional ragas ("melodic modes" used in classical music in India) have also been used to create different states of mind for healing.

Some scholars believe that "modern" music therapy began in the mid-1700s, when Louis Roger wrote his "A Treatise on the Effects of Music on the Human Body." Others say that the modern discipline of music therapy began early in the 20th Century to treat recovering soldiers during and after both World Wars. Patients' responses led to growth of such programs and wider scientific curiosity about the possible clinical effects of music.

Music has been used to influence physical, emotional, cognitive, and social well-being and improve quality of life for healthy people as well as those who are disabled or ill. Therapy may involve either listening to or performing music, with or without the presence of a music therapist.

Pamper Breaks

Pamper Breaks is a more modern term for the phrase “Spa Breaks”, and involves a period of relaxation and “pampering” in a spa or hotel destination.

Pamper Days

Pamper Days refer to short one day breaks which involve similar activities that you might find in spas or health farms. They offer a range of treatments and facilities designed to make visitors feel “pampered” and relaxed.


Phyto-aroma cosmetology is based on the combined sciences of aroma-therapies and phyto-therapies where the whole esscences of a given botanical source used in creating cosmeceutical (active) grade products, skin/body care and holestic practices.

See aromatherapy and phytotherapy for more information on each of these sciences.


“Everything on the earth has a purpose, every disease an herb to cure it …” – Christine Quintasket, Native-American writer

In today’s modern, fast-paced society there seems to be a pill for every ill and an injection for every infection. But is this really the case? Are these medicines supporting our health and keeping us healthy or do these quick fixes come at a higher cost than we imagine? More and more people are moving away from conventional medicine and towards gentler, more natural and more holistic treatments. In many parts of the world, including South Africa, natural medicine is the first port of call in the event of illness, and not the last.

Phyto-therapy (meaning plant medicine, from the Greek phyto, meaning plant) is the practice of herbal medicine and is rapidly gaining popularity all over the world. Today phyto-therapy is a combination of a long history of using plants, together with modern scientific research and thorough medical training. The term phyto-therapy is internationally accepted to describe herbal medicine (what used to be called herbalism).


Based on an ancient Chinese therapy, reflexology or zone therapy involves manipulation of specific reflex areas in the foot, hands, and ears that correspond to other parts of the body. Reflexology involves application of pressure to these reflex zones to stimulate body organs and relieve areas of congestion. It works with the body's energy flow to stimulate self-healing and maintain balance in physical function.

Relaxation Therapy

A broad term used to describe a number of techniques promoting stress reduction, the elimination of tension throughout the body and a peaceful state of mind. Different methods include progressive relaxation; cue-controlled relaxation; breathing exercises and techniques; guided imagery and visualization techniques; biofeedback, water therapy, color therapy, etc. Many techniques employ the use of repetition through words, sounds, phrases, prayer, body sensations and coordinated muscle movements.


A “scrub” is a type of treatment designed to exfoliate and reinvigorate your body. It involves “scrubbing” the skin to remove dead cells, which in turn encourages the growth of new ones.

Spa / Spas

A resort offering professional treatments and facilities that are designed to enhance the overall well being of body and mind.

Spa Day

A spa day refers to a visit to a spa which does not involve an overnight stay, but instead is structured around the concept of visiting for the whole day (usually about 10am until 5pm). Spa days typically involve administration of spa treatments and usage of onsite spa facilities.

Spa Holidays

Spa holidays tend to focus on trips abroad or to remote areas which the visitor will typically spend 7-10 days. The Spa will tend to offer all the traditional spa facilities and treatment options with the added bonus of it's exotic or tranquil location.

Spa Treatments

Spa Treatments are offered as an optional extra service at Day Spas and Health Spas. They usually involve a range of treatment types such as massages, scrubs, wraps, manicures and pedicures.

Spa Weekends

Spa weekends involve the visit to a Spa resort over a number of nights - some spas have a hotel service which means guests can sleep overnight in the Spa and make use of the spa facilities and treatments the next morning.

Sport massage

Sports massage is designed to enhance athletic performance and recovery. There are three contexts in which sports massage can be useful to an athlete: pre-event, post-event, and injury treatment.

Swedish massage

The Swedish massage is a classic massage technique that uses five basic movements to increase circulation and remove toxins from the muscles. It is beneficial for sore muscles, tension, stress, and poor circulation.


A tropicarium a cross between a sauna and a steam room - it is kept at approximately 60°c and has roughly 40% humidity. Many people prefer a Tropicarium to a Sauna as the heat is less intense and they can stay in for longer periods. Typically found in a Day Spa, Health Spa, or Beauty Spa.